Forests require thinning
The annual growth in Lapland is 13 million cubic metres, and this growth trend continues to increase. Today, more than half of this growth remains unutilised. In the future, we face the danger of losing large amounts of timber, as forests in Lapland grow ever more dense.
In forests that have been let to grow too dense, the trees don't gain sufficient width and their crowns remain reduced in size. This results, in the total green mass of such forest never reaching their potential. The vitality and resilience of such forests gradually weaken, resulting in trees that grow and gain bulk more slowly than in well managed forests.
Thanks to the envisaged bio-refinery, thinning wood finds its user. Annually, the bio-refinery will utilise 2.8 million cubic metres of thinning wood and wood chips as raw material.
Increased forest diversity
The bio-refinery uses local, sustainably produced pine as its raw material. The pine is thinned from young forests. This encourages bio-diversity in the forests, where trees of different ages and species grow side-by-side. This avoids fields of pines, and a achieves a natural forest scenery.
An actively managed and thinned forest also binds more carbon, thanks to its higher grow rate.
Reduces the need to cut old forests
Timber is felled from mature forests, because it has not proven profitable to utilise fibrewood stands marked for cutting. The bio-refinery is able to take these stands marked for cutting into use. At the same time as fibrewood is harvested from these stands for the bio-refinery, timber can also be harvested for e.g. regional saw mills. This avoids the harvesting of only mature forests.
More lichen stands for reindeer
The bio-refinery's wood harvesting methods favours lichen pastures:
• Moves timber harvesting to young thinning stands. Forests growing mature tree lichen are saved.
• In barren lichen-growing boreal forests, thinning increases the amount of light, which in turn enhances lichen growth. The surface area of lichen-growing ground increases, thereby producing greater overall yields.